Nursing Magazine reported results of a survey of more than 1800 nurses across the country concerning job satisfaction and retention. Nurses from magnet hospitals (hospitals that successfully attract and retain nurses) describe the staffing situation in their units as follows:

Staffing SituationPercent
1. Desperately short of help—patient care has suffered12
2. Short, but patient care hasn’t suffered32
3. Adequate38
4. More than adequate12
5. Excellent6

A survey of 500 nurses from non-magnet hospitals gave the following responses to the staffing situation.

Staffing Situation12345

Do the data indicate that the nurses from the non-magnet hospitals have a different distribution of opinions? Use α = 0.05.

a. Solve using the p-value approach.

b. Solve using the classical approach.